1. As the school nurse working in a college health clinic, you see many opportunities to promote health. Maria is a 40-year-old Hispanic woman who is in her second year of nursing school. She complains of a 14-pound weight gain since starting school and is afraid of what this will do to both her appearance and health if the trend continues. After doing her history, you learn that she is an excellent cook and she and her family love to eat foods that reflect their Hispanic heritage. She is married with two school-age children. She is in class a total of 15 hours per week, plus 12 hours of labs and clinical. She maintains the household essentially by herself and does all the shopping, cooking, cleaning, and chauffeuring of the children. She states that she is lucky to get six hours of sleep per night, but that is okay with her. She lives one hour from campus and commutes each day. Using Healthy People 2020 and your text as a guide:
- What additional information would you like to gather from Maria?
- What are Maria’s real and potential health risks?
- Why is Maria’s culture important when obtaining the health assessment?
- Pick one of Maria’s health risks. Would you classify Maria’s problem as first-level priority, second-level priority, third-level priority, or a collaborative problem? What would be one reasonable short-term goal for this risk?
2. Understanding cultural phenomena is essential to the completion of an accurate and holistic health assessment. Please review a cultural group from Table 2-3 (p. 25) from your text and describe the cultural differences pertinent to that group (you may have to do some additional searching). Remember, the table may not include all cultural groups. Let’s try to include all the countries within the groups listed in the discussion, so please do not choose a group that has already been done. To expedite this, please use the group name in the title of your post.